What happened in 2017

On January 13, 2017, Bhagyavathi and her husband, Ayapan Shaji, both construction workers, were away from home. Her two daughters, aged 13 and nine, were at home while their parents were at work.

It was the nine-year-old who found her sister hanging in a shed near their home. She told the police that she had seen two masked men leave her sister’s room earlier that day.

“I remember that day very clearly,” Bhagyavathi told Newslaundry. “My younger daughter sat on my lap and told this to the police. Somehow, her statement never made it to court.”

Fifty-two days later, on March 4, 2017, Bhagyavathi found the body of her nine-year-old daughter hanging in the same shed.

“I still remember that sight: of entering the house and finding my second baby also hanging,” Bhagyavathi said. “I lost both children, both my eyes, in those few weeks.”

The postmortem reports of both girls confirmed rape. The doctor who conducted the autopsy : “We have informed the police that there was clear evidence of rape on multiple occasions. There was also evidence of unnatural sex in the cases.”

However, the police concluded the older daughter had . A detailed probe was only initiated after the death of the younger daughter, who had been an important witness in her sister’s death.

Meanwhile, Bhagyavathi never got to bury her children. The parents were allowed to see the bodies once after their postmortems. The bodies were brought home, she claimed, but only for 15 minutes, after which the police took them away. She said the bodies were then cremated by the police, in the absence of the family’s permission and presence.

“They did not even take our permission when they took the bodies,” she said. “After 10 days, they brought home something that looked like ashes. But how should I know if it belonged to my children or not?”

Arrests, acquittals, and retrial

Five people – Madhu alias Valya Madhu, Madhu alias Kutti Madhu, Shibu, Pradeep Kumar, and a juvenile – were in connection with the case.

In September 2017, Pradeep Kumar was acquitted by a special POCSO court, which cited lack of evidence and the “prosecution’s failure to prove a case against him”. Additional sessions court judge Muralee Krishna noted that “no semen” could be collected “either from the specimen collected from the deceased girl or from the dresses of the accused” – an by a senior police officer in the Hathras case.

In October 2019, the three other accused were due to lack of evidence. Pradeep in November last year.

In January 2021, following protests by Bhagyavathi, her husband, and others, the Kerala High Court set aside the acquittals of the accused and . The court was also of the police for a “faulty initial investigation and slipshod prosecution”. The court also held the trial court responsible for a “miscarriage” of justice.

Finally, in March this year, the high court to take over the case and instructed the state government to provide “all logistical support”.

But Bhagyavathi’s anger still burns bright. “Why is this government trying so hard to protect these accused men?” she said. “What is their connection to the CPIM?”

Anger against the CPIM, and Vijayan

Bhagyavathi’s claim is that one of the accused in her daughters’ deaths is a CPIM worker – something that the party has . She also is angry because in October 2019, when Vijayan visited her and promised her justice, she “blindly believed” him.

“I had blind faith in the government till Sojan got promoted,” she said, referring to MJ Sojan, who had been the deputy superintendent of police and the investigating officer in the case. In June 2020, Sojan was promoted to police superintendent of the crime branch – despite that he had said that the two minor girls had “enjoyed” the sexual abuse.

Bhagyavathi gestured at her tonsured head. “When I shaved my head, I took a vow that I won’t grow my hair as long as the police cap of power rests on Sojan,” she said, adding: “It is his [Vijayan’s] government that made me live on the street and protest for the last four years.”

Bhagyavathi also cited the fact that in 2017, when the case was being heard in the lower court, an advocate representing accused Pradeep Kumar was appointed by the state government as the chairperson of the state’s child welfare committee.

The advocate, N Rajesh, subsequently handed over the case to another lawyer. Rajesh’s appointment was , including by Vijayan’s minister KK Shailaja, and he was removed from the position in October 2019.

It was a combination of all these things, Bhagyavathi said, that pushed her to lose faith in the Vijayan government. Once a CPIM supporter, she’s now decided to take a stand.

But Bhagyavathi’s initial plans for this year hadn’t including contesting in the election.

On January 26, she began a one-month satyagraha opposing Sojan’s promotion. On February 26, she publicly and announced a state-wide protest against the Left government which would include visiting Kerala’s 140 constituencies.

During the first leg of this journey in early March, she visited Dharmadam with a group of activists. Here, she wrote a letter appealing to mothers in the town to ask the chief minister whether he had given justice to the mother of the Walayar girls.

“When the mothers read my letter, they told me that instead of asking him, I myself should contest and ask him this question,” Bhagyavathi said.

And so, she did.

‘It’s us Dalits who are losing lives’

Bhagyavathi’s surviving child, a 12-year-old boy, sticks close to his mother during her campaign trail. “I’m scared to let him out of my sight,” she said.



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